Department Chair

Andrew D. Nicholls, Ph.D. Professor and Chair

Date of Award

12-2018

Access Control

Open Access

Degree Name

History, M.A.

Department

History and Social Studies Education Department

Advisor

York A. Norman, Ph.D., Associate Professor

First Reader

York A. Norman, Ph.D., Associate Professor

Second Reader

Albert L. Michaels, Ph.D., Professor

Abstract

This thesis seeks to determine which factors and parties were most responsible for the transformation of the Mujahedeen who pushed the Soviet Union out of Afghanistan into what would eventually become al Qaeda and the Taliban in the 1990s. First brought to America's attention due to the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, they would gain increased notoriety as the decade progressed due to the Taliban's treatment of Afghan women, and finally culminating in the tragic terrorist attacks on September 11th 2001.

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