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Tai Prescott-Salako, International Relations
Faculty Mentor(s): Professor Mehwish Sarwari, Political Science and Public Administration

What impact do democratic interventions have on the adoption of peace agreements with gender provisions? Research shows that third-party interveners shape the behavior of armed combatants during conflict, including their commitment to human rights. Moreover, third-party interventions influence the likelihood of conflict termination and one-sided victory. This project seeks to further explore the effects of foreign interventions by examining their influence on peace processes. Specifically, the study argues that conflicts that receive interventions by democratic governments are more likely to include provisions on gender issues. Democratic states are committed to promoting international human rights norms in the international arena, including gender equality norms. As a result, it is expected that they diffuse their values in the conflict areas in which they are intervening in and influence peace negotiations. This project is divided into three stages. The first stage focuses on collecting data on the presence of gender issues in peace agreements adopted during the period of 1975-1989. While there is currently data available on peace agreements with gender provisions for the post-1990 years, new data is collected for the years prior to 1990. During the second stage of the project, we will build the theoretical framework of the paper. The last stage of the study entails testing the theoretical expectations using quantitative analyses.

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Democratic Interventions and Women-Friendly Peace Agreements
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