Computer Information Systems and Engineering Technology
Integration of Microgrids and Nanogrids in Smart Grid


Integration of Microgrids and Nanogrids in Smart Grid



Lara Bannister, Aaron Potter, Zachary Wertz, Michael Forster, Smith, ENT466: Electrical Design
Faculty Mentor(s): Professor Ilya Grinberg, Engineering Technology

A microgrid is defined as a group of distributed energy resources, including renewable energy resources and energy storage systems, as well as loads that operate locally as a single controllable entity. The goal of microgrid systems is to have the utility feeding one or more microgrids, which may be large buildings such as hospitals or campuses. These microgrids would have power generation and storage capabilities enabling them to go into “island mode." Island mode refers to when the microgrid is completely independent from the utility grid, this feature is useful for reducing the utility grid's load during peak hours and in the event of maintenance or a fault on the lines connecting the utility grid to the microgrid. Nanogrids may be connected to the microgrid. The nanogrid operates on a similar principle of being able to self-sustain during the previously mentioned scenarios. In a nanogrid, one customer would have solar panels and be interconnected with other houses in that nanogrid, enabling the home with solar panels to give other homes power once the original home's demand is met. This microgrid/nanogrid integration system is a small-scale emulation of a real-world scenario, allowing for laboratory testing and data analysis. The end goal of the project is to replicate a practical system in which the utility, micro, and nanogrid will work in conjunction with one another as efficiently as possible.

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Integration of Microgrids and Nanogrids in Smart Grid