Business, Fashion & Textile Technology, Hospitality and Tourism



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Amanda Szymanski, HTR318: Cultural Tourism
Faculty Mentor(s): Professor Kathleen O'Brien, Hospitality and Tourism

The availability of clean water in South Africa has been an ongoing issue, originating before the post-apartheid era. The clean water shortage has greatly affected the country's prosperity, its citizens' health, and its tourism sector. Tourists in South Africa need to remain very aware and cautious of their water usage, and they typically experience the burden of the water crisis through their lodging accommodations and their trip activities. The shortage has obligated South Africa to take on numerous water conservation and recycling methods that tourists are asked to respect and follow, such as taking less than two-minute showers and catching shower water with a bucket, so water can then be used to flush toilets when needed. The lack of water has also made sanitation and hygiene difficult to achieve, therefore, the country has had limited resources in fighting the Covid-19 pandemic. The country does not have enough water for its citizens to frequently wash their hands, therefore contributing to the increase in Covid-19 cases. The CDC has warned tourists to not travel to South Africa due to its high Covid-19 case levels. I use a collection of peer-reviewed journal articles to obtain my information. My in-depth research explores the water crisis that South Africa faces, the impact that this issue has on tourism in the country, and the courses of action that tourists and the tourism industry can take to conserve water while in South Africa.

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Water Crisis in South Africa: The Influence on Tourism
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