This article describes a strategy that emphasizes the integration of all language and literacy skills for learning across content areas as well as the importance CCSS place on learners’ ability to ask questions about information, phenomena, or ideas encountered (Ciardiello, 2012/2013). FIVES is a strategy that meaningfully integrates research-based methodologies associated with reading, writing, speaking, listening, viewing, and visually representing for differentiated disciplinary literacy instruction related to authentic texts and issues. The strategy described can be universally applied across disciplines to develop high levels of competence with literacy processes and content.
Shea, M., & Roberts, N. (2016). FIVES: An integrated strategy for comprehension and vocabulary learning. Journal of Inquiry and Action in Education, 8 (1). Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.buffalostate.edu/jiae/vol8/iss1/6
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