Analysis of the Manufacturing Techniques and Conservation Treatment of an Early Twentieth Century Art Glass Vase
The period of 1860 to 1935 was one of great change in glass manufacturing as well as glass decorative arts. Artists and industrialists were combining materials science innovations and manufacturing techniques with their own artistic talents to create new art and design objects. One of the great masters of combining glass art with contemporary manufacturing innovations was René Lalique. Lalique’s designs were commercially and critically successful, and he inspired many glass artists. One of these artists was Reuben Haley of the Consolidated Lamp and Glass Company. Haley, both a talented designer and savvy businessman, in 1926 created a line of glass decorative arts objects emulating Lalique’s early 1920s designs. Although these objects were very similar in design, they differ in the details, as well as the composition of the glass used and finishing techniques applied. X-ray florescence, dispersive Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy with electron diffraction spectroscopy, and attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were used to analyze a vase attributed to Lalique, leading to a reattribution to Consolidated Glass. The vase was also conserved using less invasive and reversable techniques based in solvent-activated acrylic adhesives due to the decorative surface layers of the vase. These methods were chosen after a review of recent-past and current glass conservation techniques for stabilizing blind cracks, reattaching fragments, and filling losses in glass decorative arts objects.
Dr. Rebecca Ploeger
Blake-Howland, Annika, "Analysis of the Manufacturing Techniques and Conservation Treatment of an Early Twentieth Century Art Glass Vase" (2021). School of Arts and Humanities. 7.