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In recent years, studies have shown that a number of students have experienced a positive effect in student development inside and outside of the classroom when they participate in a musical theater club. This study determined the degree to which musical theater clubs impacted student confidence and social skills. It was important for this literature review to determine the different methods and strategies, teachers, students and administrators used in order to create a positive outcome for student development, social skills and building confidence. It was discovered that there was not many studies that showed using creative drama as a treatment for students with behavioral issues and had a positive impact on their behavior.

The lack of research prompted the further inquiry to study information about how theater affects student behavior. This study also includes students from many diverse backgrounds and how they benefited from taking musical theater club. The research in this study was focused on the impact musical theater had on students in grades 4 and 5 at a public school in Amherst, New York