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Eastern European History: From Empires to Nations


History of Eastern Europe from 1500 to present. The legacy of Habsburg, Russian and Ottoman empires. The impact of the Reformation and religious wars. Napoleonic conquests, nationalism and imperial response. The breakup of Ottoman rule in the Balkans and the formation of independent states. The First World War and interwar national development. The Nazi and Soviet occupation. National resistance to the Soviets during the Cold War. Reform and ethnic conflict since 1989.