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Origins of Modern France


Taught in French. An examination of the 19th-century intellectual trends, scientific advances, and social welfare initiatives that made France what it is today, as portrayed in the novels of key authors of the period 1850-1890. The Industrial Revolution and its impact on daily life. The influence of contemporary developments in germ theory, urban planning, and social welfare reform on the urban renewal campaign of Emperor Napoleon III. Evolutionary theory and its impact on the ideology and novels of key authors of the naturalist school of literature.