Exploring Cross Culture Validity of FourSight with Taiwanese Population

Department Chair

Gerard J. Puccio, Ph.D., Chair and Professor of Creativity

Date of Award


Access Control

Open Access

Degree Name

Creative Studies, M.S.


International Center for Studies in Creativity


Gerard J. Puccio, Ph.D., Chair and Professor of Creativity

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First Reader

Gerard J. Puccio, Ph.D., Chair and Professor of Creativity

Second Reader

Ruey-Yun Horng, Ph.D., Professor of Industrial Engineering and Management, National Chiao Tung University


The cross-culture validity of the theoretical construct of FourSight was explored with Taiwanese participants in this study. A Chinese FourSight version 1.2 was developed by translating FourSight version 6.1 into Chinese (Mandarin) and verified by comparing the back-translated English version with FourSight version 6.1. The FourSight Chinese version 1.2 was administered to 224 Taiwanese participants, who are employees of three local Taiwanese companies and the Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI). The results of exploratory factor analysis partially supported the four constructs postulated by FourSight: Clarifier, Ideator, Developer and Implementer. Three constructs: Clarifier, Ideator and Implementer emerged from results of the factor analysis structure. However, there is no clear indication that the construct of Developer was present in the data. However 80% of the selected Taiwanese samples agreed that their individual FourSight profile made sense to them, and the findings that the ITRI scientists group and ITRI engineers group, possessing different job title and educational background, were differentiated by four FourSight preference profiles. These lend further support of FourSight theoretical construct for FourSight Chinese version 1.2 with Taiwanese samples.

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