Date of Award


Access Control

Open Access

Degree Name

Art Conservation, M.A., C.A.S.


Art Conservation Department


Theresa J. Smith


Anne Hillam

Department Home page

First Reader

Jiuan Jiuan Chen

Second Reader

Dr. Rebecca Ploeger

Third Reader

Dr. Glennis Rayermann

Fourth Reader

Todd Pattison

Fifth Reader

Dawn Mankowski


Ten cloth covered edition bindings, produced in America between 1850 and 1869 and found in the Buffalo State Conservation Department, were selected for comparative study. A history of bookbinding practices in industrialized American binderies of the 19th century is presented. The books were examined for evidence of machine manufacture. Study of the book structures was enhanced with raking illumination photography, reflectance transformation imaging (RTI), and X-radiography. Elemental analysis of colorants in bookcloths was done with X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF). Fiber optic reflectance spectroscopy (FORS) and multi-spectral imaging (MSI) were explored as methods for differentiating dyed textile covers. Information gained from the comparative study of the bindings informed a stabilization treatment of The Silver Sunbeam, a photography manual published in 1864.

Available for download on Wednesday, July 24, 2024