Department Chair

Susan Felsenfeld, Ph.D., CCC-SLP

Date of Award

5-2018

Access Control

Campus-Only Access

Degree Name

Speech-Language Pathology, M.S.Ed.

Department

Speech-Language Pathology

Advisor

Deborah Insalaco, Ph.D., CCC-SLP

Department Home page

http://speech.buffalostate.edu/

First Reader

Deborah Insalaco, Ph.D., CCC-SLP

Second Reader

Susan Felsenfeld, Ph.D., CCC-SLP

Abstract

The purpose of this study, as originally designed, was to explore the effects of dynamic versus static depictions of actions on verb naming in persons with aphasia using a modified verb naming therapy. The study also sought to investigate the influence of therapy on retrieval of face, hand, and leg-related action words, respectively. Verbs were selected, their movements recorded, and stills isolated from the recordings which were piloted on graduate students for their typicality. A computer application was designed and implemented in sessions that allowed for static and dynamic depictions of action words along with their arguments. Due to time constraints, this preliminary study focused on baseline measures of the abilities of two individuals with aphasia to name verbs using static and dynamic depictions. Their ability to formulate grammatically correct sentences in both conditions was assessed as well. After three-to-four weeks of sessions, Participant 1 demonstrated minimal change in naming statically depicted verbs, and Participant 2 demonstrated positive change in naming dynamically depicted verbs. Participant 2 also exhibited slightly enhanced ability in sentence production utilizing dynamically presented verbs. The outcomes of the study reflect the conflicting data previously found in other studies and highlighted the need for further research exploring the effects of static versus dynamic depiction of action words in therapy.

Available for download on Friday, May 29, 2020

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